Eczema (1)


Eczema, a broad term covering various inflamed skin conditions, includes one of the most prevalent forms known as atopic dermatitis or "atopic eczema." This chronic, recurring, and intensely itchy rash affects approximately 10 to 20 percent of the global population during childhood, with many children seeing an improvement or disappearance of symptoms as they age.

Although the appearance of eczema varies from person to person, it typically presents as dry, red, and extremely itchy patches on the skin. Referred to as "the itch that rashes," scratching the itch often leads to the rash's development.

Eczema can manifest on any part of the body, with infants commonly experiencing it on the forehead, cheeks, forearms, legs, scalp, and neck. In older children and adults, eczema tends to appear on the face, neck, and the inner areas of the elbows, knees, and ankles. Some individuals may have oozing or blistering eczema, while others may exhibit a more scaly, dry, and red presentation.

Treatments For Eczema

Preventing scratching is a crucial aspect of managing eczema. As the condition is typically dry and itchy, a common treatment involves applying lotions or creams to maintain skin moisture. For best results, these should be applied immediately after bathing to lock in moisture. Cold compresses can also be beneficial in alleviating itching. If the condition persists or worsens, treatment can include prescription topical creams, or injectable or oral medications to calm down the inflammation.

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